The Architectural Structure of Selimiye Mosque
In the construction of Selimiye, Mimar Koca Sinan gave weight to inner design as much as he did to outer structure.
Selimiye Mosque was first established in Sarıbayır, on the plain named Kavak Meydanı, where Yıldırım Bayezid had his palace constructed. The Mosque, The Madrasa and Dar-ül Hadis were symmetrically placed in a big rectangular court with 190 x 130m dimensions as the Mosque in the center and two identical educational units on the south corners.
It draws all the attention from afar with its four attractive minarets. With this feature, Selimiye does not contribute only to Mimar Sinan’s architectural greatness, but also to his mastership in city planning.
Having its place in history as the Mosque with the biggest complex area with a field of 22202m², Selimiye Mosque covers 2475m² in total and 1575m² with its inner section.
Its walls are made of cut stone. The Mosque, located in the center of a court surrounded by walls, consists of a praying place with 40 meters length and 60 meters with and a fountain court almost at same sizes which is contiguous to that prayer place in north. This court is surrounded by covered cloisters or porches with an open front.
The cloisters next to the praying place constitute the narthex. The domes which cover these cloisters are bigger and higher than those which cover the other cloisters. In the center of the court, there is a hypaethral fountain with sixteen angles.